Growing healthy plants and producing quality crops is the goal of any grower, whether a seasoned hydroponic farm owner or an amateur grower who grows a small number of shrubs in an indoor grow box. Growth and yield depend on many factors: the choice of soil or substrate, the mode of lighting and ventilation, the correct choice of feeding, and fertilizers for cannabis. Therefore, knowing the characteristics of each stage of cannabis growth is the responsibility of any grower (below you can see a photo of the stages of cannabis growth).
After all, depending on the stage of development of the bushes, the lighting mode, the balance of feeding, etc. are selected. Improper use of fertilizers or lighting at one stage or another of the growth of cannabis can lead to a deterioration in the quality of the crop, illness, or even death of the bushes. Choose the best electric weed grinder.
Five stages of cannabis growth
Growers distinguish five main stages of cannabis growth and development:
- germination and shoots;
- harvest (harvesting).
Germination and shoots
The cannabis seed is where the long road to harvest begins. It is rare for a grower to plant seeds directly into open soil. Those who take such a step pre-soak the seeds in a mineral solution. Most growers still prefer sprouting at home, followed by planting seedlings in open soil or substrate. At this stage, there is no need to use fertilizers and feeding. In addition, a sufficiently high soil moisture level should be maintained. Lighting should be minimal, and the air temperature should be 21-32 degrees Celsius. By the way, in our store you can choose and buy convenient and practical cassettes for germinating seeds and then planting them in the ground.
Vegetative growth stage of marijuana
The vegetative stage (vegetation, vega, vegetation period) is the stage of development from the first shoots to the beginning of flowering. At this time, the plants turn into bushes, firmly rooted in the ground, and acquire lush leaves. It is extremely important during this period to provide the plants with the necessary balance of mineral and organic substances, as well as to create proper lighting and aeration.
The average growing season for indica is 2-4 weeks. In nature and outdoors, Indica goes into flowering mode when daylight hours reach 12 hours. The recommended temperature for indoor growing is 18 to 28 degrees Celsius. During this period, it is also recommended to maintain high humidity and provide plants with a balanced complex of fertilizers.
The peculiarity of Sativa is that when grown indoors, the vegetative phase continues even during the flowering period, so this subspecies can be transferred to flowering almost immediately after germination. The optimum temperature in the grow box is 20-28 degrees, the optimal type of fertilizers is nitrogen, potash and complex. In natural conditions, the growing season of Sativa varieties can last for several months.
During the growing season, autoflowers should adhere to a temperature of 20-28 degrees, high humidity, and also provide plants with fertilizing with nitrogen and potassium. The autoflowering vegetative stage lasts two weeks and does not depend on the light regime.
The flowering of marijuana (except for autoflowers) in natural conditions begins with 12 hours of daylight. When grown indoors, individual hemp varieties are transferred to flowering almost immediately after germination. This allows you to increase the number of inflorescences and, accordingly, the quantity and quality of the crop.
The flowering itself is divided into three stages:
- the appearance of buds (pre-flowering);
- flowering itself;
The flowering stage is the longest, and the flowering time depends on the variety. So, indica varieties fade relatively quickly – up to 10 weeks (and separately taken hybrids completely fade in two weeks).